A synthetic peptide from aa region 400-450 of human APP conjugated to blue carrier protein was used as the antigen. The peptide is homologous in rat and mouse.
Alzheimer disease amyloid A4 protein homolog, ABPP, APP, Amyloidogenic glycoprotein, AG, Amyloid beta A4 protein, amyloid beta (A4) precursor protein, AAA, AD1, PN2, ABPP, APPI, CVAP, ABETA, CTF gamma, Peptidase nexin-II, Alzheimer disease
This gene encodes a cell surface receptor and transmembrane precursor protein that is cleaved by secretases to form a number of peptides. Some of these peptides are secreted and can bind to the acetyltransferase complex APBB1/TIP60 to promote transcriptional activation, while others form the protein basis of the amyloid plaques found in the brains of patients with Alzheimer disease. Mutations in this gene have been implicated in autosomal dominant Alzheimer disease and cerebroarterial amyloidosis (cerebral amyloid angiopathy). Multiple transcript variants encoding several different isoforms have been found for this gene.
SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Membrane, clathrin-coated pit. Note: Cell surface protein that rapidly becomes internalized via clathrin-coated pits. During maturation, the immature APP (N-glycosylated in the endoplasmic reticulum) moves to the Golgi complex where complete maturation occurs (O-glycosylated and sulfated). After alpha-secretase cleavage, soluble APP is released into the extracellular space and the C-terminal is internalized to endosomes and lysosomes. Some APP accumulates in secretory transport vesicles leaving the late Golgi compartment and returns to the cell surface. Gamma-CTF(59) peptide is located to both the cytoplasm and nuclei of neurons. It can be translocated to the nucleus through association with Fe65. Beta-APP42 associates with FPRL1 at the cell surface and the complex is then rapidly internalized (By similarity). APP sorts to the basolateral surface in epithelial cells. During neuronal differentiation, the Thr-743 phosphorylated form is located mainly in growth cones, moderately in neurites and sparingly in the cell body.
TISSUE SPECIFICITY: In the brain, non-L-APP isoforms are expressed in neurons, isoform APP695 being the predominant form. In astrocytes and microglial cells, almost 50% is L-isoform (appican).
Maintain the lyophilised/reconstituted antibodies frozen at -20°C for long term storage and refrigerated at 2-8°C for a shorter term. When reconstituting, glycerol (1:1) may be added for an additional stability. Avoid freeze and thaw cycles.
12 months after reconstitution
This item will be shipped to you at ambient temperature in a lyophilised form.
1. Shivers B.D, et al. EMBO J. 7:1365-1370(1988).
For research use only
NZ white rabbit
Polyclonal, whole serum
IHC, WB. A dilution of 1 : 1000 is recommended. The optimal dilution should be determined by the end user.
Specific for APP.
Human, rat, mouse. Other species not yet tested.
Reconstitute in 100 µl of sterile water. Centrifuge to remove any insoluble material.